Representatives from UNESCO and the OECD joined Mom Luang Pariyada Diskul, Assistant Secretary to the Minister of Education and Doctor Watanaporn Ra-ngubtook, Deputy Secr etary-General of the Office of the Education Council, and other high-level officials and stakeholders for a one-day seminar in Bangkok on one September 2016 to launch the particular review.
The particular review follows months of table research, field visits and selection interviews with stakeholders. and was completed at the request of the Office of the Education Council of Thailand. It is the first time that the OECD and UNESCO have joined forces to provide concerted education policy advice to a nation.
It covered four policy domains: curriculum; student evaluation; teachers and school leaders; and information and communication technology within education, identified key policy issues and challenges facing the Thailänder education system and provided recommendations for the government to consider in its reforms. The domains align with the renewed focus placed on quality and equity by Education 2030 agenda and, especially, Sustainable Development Goal 4.
The preliminary results of the evaluation were presented by UNESCO Department for Policies and Lifelong Understanding Systems Director, David Atchoarena, plus OECD Senior Advisor of Global Relations for Education and Skills, Elizabeth Fordham. Ms Fordham had been part of the team that carried out the review with UNESCO and the national team.
Gwang-Jo Kim, Director of UNESCO Bangkok, the Asia-Pacific Regional Bureau with regard to Education, called the review “a substantial milestone in UNESCO’s longstanding cooperation with Thailand and our distributed commitment in advancing quality education. ”
The particular review found that the success of Thailand’s education system will progressively depend on how well it uses the resources.
Ms Fordham noted that: “Thailand’s current investments in education have not led to the expected outcomes, as noticed on the PISA results, which were below those of neighbouring countries”.
Mr Atchoarena said Asia had ample opportunities to meet these types of challenges. “Thailand’s potential use of ICT to support students’ acquisition of 21st centuries competencies and a revised curriculum that will corresponds to student assessments are among the major elements needed to accomplish the desired goals and keep pace with many of its neighbours in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Financial Community, ” he said.
Education Council Deputy Secretary-General Watanaporn Ra-ngubtook said: “The results of the review have prompted policy-makers and all stakeholders to reexamine issues related to the Thai training system, especially those relating to efficiency in education and how the Thai government can best provide college students with quality education, the best educators, coherent curriculum, and how we can many effectively harness ICT to reduce education inequality in the country. ”
The review suggests:
• establishing effective, efficient and clear curriculum review and revision processes, led by experts and well informed by research and data
• developing common college student performance standards to guide assessments in any way levels of the education system.
• establishing minimum criteria designed for entry into teacher preparation in consultation with pre-service programme suppliers.
• prioritising expense in ICT infrastructure and connectivity in remote areas to ensure equity of access.
The UNESCO Division for Policies and Lifelong Learning Systems is advertising education policy reviews among Member States during the current biennium. Along with Thailand, UNESCO has carried out these types of reviews in Albania, Guatemala, Malaysia, Peru, St Kitts and Nevis, and Zambia, and they are currently underway in the Bahamas and Sudan.
For more information, please get in touch with UNESCO Asia Pacific, Chief associated with Section for Inclusive Quality Education and learning, Maki Hayashikawa [m.hayashikawa(at)unesco.org]; HQ Chief of Education Policy, Francesc Pedró [f.pedro(at)unesco.org]; or even OECD Education Directorate, Elizabeth Fordham [elizabeth.fordham(at)oecd.org].
• Education in Thailand: An OECD-UNESCO Perspective; Reviews of National Policies for Education
• Education 2030 agenda
• Sustainable Development Goal 4
• The Organisation to get Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
• The Office from the Education Council (OEC), Ministry of Education, Thailand
• News of OEC website (2 September 2016): OEC Structured Press Conference on UNESCO-OECD Plan Recommendations for Education in Thailand
• News of OEC website (1 September 2016): OEC in cooperation with UNESCO-OECD Displayed Policy Recommendations for Education in Asia
• Information on OEC website (31 August 2016): UNESCO-OEC preparation meeting for that Launch of the Joint OECD- UNESCO Education Policy Review of Thailand
• News on OEC website (29 August 2016): Consultation Meeting at OEC on UNESCO-OECD Education Policy Review of Thailand